The National Monthly Minimum Wage is 68,000 AMD in Armenia, and the Minimum Hourly Wage is 406 AMD (those who work in hazardous environments earn a premium over their average salary).
The payroll cycle in Armenia is generally a monthly cycle, with wages paid on the 15th day of the following month.
There is no mandatory or customary 13th salary payment in Armenia.
The Republic of Armenia (RA Labor Code) states that the Standard Working hours should not exceed 40 hours per week, and a daily work period must not exceed eight working hours. The maximum working time (including overtime) should not exceed 12 hours per day (48 hours per week), including breaks.
In Armenia, overtime is calculated at 150% of the standard hourly rate for each hour of overtime worked.
Should an employee work nights, these are calculated at 130% of the standard hourly rate for each hour of night work.
Paid Time Off
The minimum days of paid annual leave is based on the working week; If an employee works five days a week, they will be entitled to 20 days annual leave; however, if an employee works six days a week, they receive 24 days annual leave.
Should employees work in stressful or high risk conditions, the number of days of annual leave increases. Employees who work a five-day working week would receive an annual leave entitlement of up to 35 days in exceptional conditions. Those who work a six-day working week are entitled to up to 42 days annual leave in extraordinary circumstances.
Generally, employees can access annual leave after six months of continuous work.
There are 16 public holidays in 2022
Employees are entitled to receive paid sick leave from day two to day five of sickness, with the employer paying. From day six, the sick pay is covered by The Social Insurance. If an employee is absent for less than 120 successive days or 140 days within a year, they remain entitled to their full benefits.
The Social Insurance Scheme is responsible for paying an employee’s sick leave if this is due to a work-related injury or illness. The employee may return to work when they are healthy enough to do so.
In Armenia, an employee is entitled to at least 140 days of maternity leave (70 days during pregnancy and 70 days of following the child’s birth). The maternity leave entitlement is increased to 155 days (70 days of pregnancy, 85 days from delivery) in the case of complicated childbirth. For multiple births, the leave entitlement would increase to 180 days (70 days of pregnancy, 110 days from childbirth).
Employers must provide paid maternity pay at 100% of the insured’s average monthly earnings (regardless of the number of years of covered employment) divided by 30.4 (average number of days in a month).
New Fathers are entitled to 5 days of paid leave within the first 30 days of the child’s birth.
Within the first month of the child’s birth, it is possible to request up to 5 days of paid parental leave.
Employers must provide employees three days of unpaid leave to attend the funeral of a family member.
Employers must provide employees three days of unpaid leave in the event of their marriage.
Employers must have a valid reason to terminate an employee and must provide notice before doing so. The notice period is generally linked to the length of employment with the company.
The notice periods are as below:
|Less than 1 year||14 days’ notice|
|Between 1- and 5-years employment service||35 days’ notice|
|After 5 to 10 years employment service||42 days’ notice|
|More than 10 years employment service||60 days’ notice|
The reason for termination determines the severance pay, should it be company related. i.e., the company is liquidated, the number of employees is reduced, or the employee is rehired in a previous job, the severance pay will be equal to the employee’s average monthly salary.
Should the termination be employee-related, i.e., long-term disability, old age, significant changes in working conditions, or an employee is called up for compulsory Military Service, the employee’s employment length will determine the severance pay as below:
|Less than 12 months employment service||10x average daily salary|
|Between 1- and 5-years employment service||25x average daily salary|
|Between 5 to 10 years employment service||30x average daily salary|
|Between 10 to 15 years employment service||35x average daily salary|
|More than 15 years employment service||44x average daily salary|
Probationary periods are generally three months and will be referenced in the employees’ contract of employment. Should either the employee or the employer wish to terminate before the three-month probation period, either may terminate the employment contract with three days’ notice.
Individuals entering Armenia for business must obtain a work permit sponsored by their employer to work in Armenia legally.
Generally, a holder of an Armenian visa is not entitled to work in Armenia unless they also hold a work permit. However, some highly skilled foreign specialists, business owners, executives, and other workers are exempt from the work permit requirement. Unless a foreign individual is exempt from the work permit requirement, the employer must first obtain a work permit by applying to the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (MLSA) before the employee starts their employment.
The MLSA tests the Armenian market to ensure that there are no qualified and available Armenian workers to fill the position internally. When a work permit is granted, the foreign national can start working in Armenia, but it does have a fixed term and is renewable on request.
After obtaining the work permit, the foreign national must file an application for a temporary residence permit at the Passport and Visa Department of the Police in Yerevan. The application must be accompanied by the requested supporting documentation, including medical test results. The temporary residence card is issued within approximately 30-45 days of the application date if accepted.
Specific individuals may qualify for temporary residence in Armenia, including those entering on a contractual basis, international students, journalists, and researchers. Temporary residence is granted for one year and can be extended for a maximum of one additional year.
The general rate of VAT in Armenia is 20%