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Armenia

Payroll and Benefits Guide

Last updated:
Dec 8, 2022

Overview

Capital
Yerevan
Currency
Armenian Dram (AMD)
Date Format
dd/mm/yyyy
Fiscal Year
1 January- 31 December
Payroll Frequency
Monthly
Employer Taxes
0.00%

Contributions

Employer

Employer Payroll Contributions

0.00%
0.00% Total Employment Cost

Employee

Employee Payroll Contributions

4.50% Pension fund – if the monthly gross income is less than 500,000 AMD
10.00% For monthly income> 500,000 AMD monthly there is a 10.00% pension payment that does not exceed 27,500 AMD
4.5% or 10.00% Total Employee Cost

Employee Income Tax

21.00% Flat Rate
Military Taxes:
1,500 AMD for salaries of up to 100,000 AMD
3,000 AMD for salaries of 100,000-200,000 AMD
5,500 AMD for salaries of 200,000-500,000 AMD
8,500 AMD for salaries of 500,000-1,000,000 AMD
15,000 AMD for salaries in excess of 1,000,000 AMD

Minimum Wage

General

The National Monthly Minimum Wage is 68,000 AMD in Armenia, and the Minimum Hourly Wage is 406 AMD (those who work in hazardous environments earn a premium over their average salary).

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

The payroll cycle in Armenia is generally a monthly cycle, with wages paid on the 15th day of the following month.

13th Salary

There is no mandatory or customary 13th salary payment in Armenia.

Working Hours

General

The Republic of Armenia (RA Labor Code) states that the Standard Working hours should not exceed 40 hours per week, and a daily work period must not exceed eight working hours.  The maximum working time (including overtime) should not exceed 12 hours per day (48 hours per week), including breaks.

Overtime

In Armenia, overtime is calculated at 150% of the standard hourly rate for each hour of overtime worked.

Should an employee work nights,  these are calculated at 130% of the standard hourly rate for each hour of night work.

Working Week

Monday-Friday

Leave

Paid Time Off

The minimum days of paid annual leave is based on the working week; If an employee works five days a week, they will be entitled to 20 days annual leave; however, if an employee works six days a week, they receive 24 days annual leave.

Should employees work in stressful or high risk conditions,  the number of days of annual leave increases.  Employees who work a five-day working week would receive an annual leave entitlement of up to 35 days in exceptional conditions. Those who work a six-day working week are entitled to up to 42 days annual leave in extraordinary circumstances.

Generally, employees can access annual leave after six months of continuous work.

Public Holidays

There are 16 public holidays in 2022

Sick Days

Employees are entitled to receive paid sick leave from day two to day five of sickness, with the employer paying. From day six, the sick pay is covered by The Social Insurance.  If an employee is absent for less than 120 successive days or 140 days within a year, they remain entitled to their full benefits.

The Social Insurance Scheme is responsible for paying an employee’s sick leave if this is due to a work-related injury or illness. The employee may return to work when they are healthy enough to do so.

Maternity Leave

In Armenia, an employee is entitled to at least 140 days of maternity leave (70 days during pregnancy and 70 days of following the child’s birth).  The maternity leave entitlement is increased to 155 days (70 days of pregnancy, 85 days from delivery) in the case of complicated childbirth. For multiple births, the leave entitlement would increase to 180 days (70 days of pregnancy, 110 days from childbirth).

Employers must provide paid maternity pay at 100% of the insured’s average monthly earnings (regardless of the number of years of covered employment) divided by 30.4 (average number of days in a month).

Paternity Leave

New Fathers are entitled to 5 days of paid leave within the first 30 days of the child’s birth.

Parental Leave

Within the first month of the child’s birth, it is possible to request up to 5 days of paid parental leave.

Other Leave

Bereavement leave

Employers must provide employees three days of unpaid leave to attend the funeral of a family member.

Marriage Leave

Employers must provide employees three days of unpaid leave in the event of their marriage.

Termination

Termination Process

Employers must have a valid reason to terminate an employee and must provide notice before doing so. The notice period is generally linked to the length of employment with the company.

Notice Period

The notice periods are as below:

Less than 1 year 14 days’ notice
Between 1- and 5-years employment service 35 days’ notice
After 5 to 10 years employment service 42 days’ notice
More than 10 years employment service 60 days’ notice

Severance Pay

The reason for termination determines the severance pay, should it be company related.  i.e., the company is liquidated, the number of employees is reduced, or the employee is rehired in a previous job, the severance pay will be equal to the employee’s average monthly salary.

Should the termination be employee-related, i.e., long-term disability, old age, significant changes in working conditions, or an employee is called up for compulsory Military Service, the employee’s employment length will determine the severance pay as below:

Less than 12 months employment service 10x average daily salary
Between 1- and 5-years employment service 25x average daily salary
Between 5 to 10 years employment service 30x average daily salary
Between 10 to 15 years employment service 35x average daily salary
More than 15 years employment service 44x average daily salary

Probation Period

Probationary periods are generally three months and will be referenced in the employees’ contract of employment. Should either the employee or the employer wish to terminate before the three-month probation period, either may terminate the employment contract with three days’ notice.

VISA

VISA

Individuals entering Armenia for business must obtain a work permit sponsored by their employer to work in Armenia legally.

Generally, a holder of an Armenian visa is not entitled to work in Armenia unless they also hold a work permit. However, some highly skilled foreign specialists, business owners, executives, and other workers are exempt from the work permit requirement.  Unless a foreign individual is exempt from the work permit requirement, the employer must first obtain a work permit by applying to the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (MLSA) before the employee starts their employment.

The MLSA tests the Armenian market to ensure that there are no qualified and available Armenian workers to fill the position internally. When a work permit is granted, the foreign national can start working in Armenia, but it does have a fixed term and is renewable on request.

After obtaining the work permit, the foreign national must file an application for a temporary residence permit at the Passport and Visa Department of the Police in Yerevan. The application must be accompanied by the requested supporting documentation, including medical test results. The temporary residence card is issued within approximately 30-45 days of the application date if accepted.

Specific individuals may qualify for temporary residence in Armenia, including those entering on a contractual basis, international students, journalists, and researchers.  Temporary residence is granted for one year and can be extended for a maximum of one additional year.

VAT

General

The general rate of VAT in Armenia is 20%.